Technical – About Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterised by elevated levels of glucose in the blood. It happens when the body is unable to produce or use insulin effectively. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that controls blood sugar levels. There are 3 main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes
|Type 1 diabetes is an unpreventable autoimmune disease that develops when the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Although Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, it develops during childhood and adolescence. Insulin injection (exogenous insulin) is an essential treatment for Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes requires a careful balance of diet, exercise, and insulin intake.|
Type 2 diabetes
|Type 2 diabetes is preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. It occurs when the body becomes resistant to the insulin being produced by the pancreas (endogenous insulin) and/or the amount produced is inadequate to meet the body's needs. When first diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels can often be maintained at normal levels through lifestyle modification and/or oral glucose lowering medication, although insulin may eventually be required as the condition progresses.|
|Gestational diabetes is a condition marked by high blood sugar levels appearing for the first-time during pregnancy that usually disappears once the baby is born. Gestational diabetes is associated with lifestyle factors but treated with a combination of lifestyle modifications and medication. Gestational diabetes represents a minor risk to both the mother and the unborn baby. In addition, a woman who experiences diabetes during pregnancy is more likely to experience Type 2 diabetes later in life AND her child is also more likely to experience diabetes later in life.|
There is no known cure for diabetes.